Exercises

Exercises: Groundwork – Desensitizing to the flag / video

Desensitizing a horse to the flag, to the rope or to the hand is a basic exercise that would actually considerably reduce the number of injuries caused by horses suddenly flying because of a plastic bag, a car, wind in branches, etc.

The first objective is security.

You should be able to come to your horse without any hesitation, without checking if you do not wear or hold something that might frighten it. You should be able to ride your horse without fear of a sudden side jump because a tarp or something flaps in the wind. You should be able to raise your hand quickly around your horse without it to get stressed and ready to gallop to the other side of the country.

The second objective is to teach your horse that there is no safer, no more comfortable place in the world than close to you. It should feel safe, in good hands when hanging around you.

Education principles:
1 ) horses learn when you release pressure.
2 ) timing is essential to good horsemanship, recognize the signs of relaxation to make sure you release right on time: blinking eye, lowering the head and neck, chewing mouth, cocking a hind leg.

Position
Position yourself at an angle of 45° to the horse’s shoulder, as far as one good length of your arm. That is the safest place as the horse can not kick you nor rear and paw you.
Hold the rope in your left hand _ if you are on the horse’s left side _ about one meter from the fiador knot, hand is up and close to the horse’s head. Then you can protect yourself in case the horse moves the head violently from one side to the other. Hold the flag in the other right hand as you would hold a tennis racket, firm but not hard.
Exercises - Groundwork - Good position to desensitize a horse with the flag
Security

Keep the horse’s head tipped slightly inside ALL the time, so the hindquarters are always forced to the outside. If you think the hind end is getting too close to you, just pull on the rope to draw the head, that will push the hindquarters away. You have to look at all the horse’s body, be aware of its head, its front legs, its hind legs, etc.
If the horse moves, do the necessary to maintain your position at 45° to its shoulder, so you never end in front of the horse or worse, behind it.

Process
Horsemanship groundwork exercises - position of the hand around the lead rope
Wave the flag a couple of meters far from the horse, do not be aggressive but make sure you are firm. As soon as the horse stands still and shows it is relaxed, stop waving the flag and rub the horse with your hand.

Repeat the process closer and closer, around the hindquarters, above the withers, along the neck, etc. Then, do the same from the other side of the horse. Last, you can face the horse and desensitize under the chin, on both sides of the head and above the poll until it remains relaxed all the time.

Along the process, as the horse gets more confident around the flag, you can rub it with the flag instead of your hand, so it gets used to be touched everywhere with objects.

Q&A

What if my horse starts to trot or canter away?
Keep waving the flag around the horse, you may reduce the level of pressure by waving the flag farther from the horse or slower, but keep walking to the horse, maintain your position and stop only when the horse stands still and shows any of these above mentioned relaxation signs.

What if my horse does not show any relaxation sign?
At the beginning, you may wait for five minutes before the horse stands still, then two to five more minutes until it blinks an eye or lowers the head. Sometimes, the horse will have difficulties just to stand still, then keep waving for another few seconds when it stands still, release pressure and rub your horse.
That is a way to show the horse that it should get relaxed. Start the process again and stop this exercice only when the horse shows a sign of relaxation. The day after, it will get relaxed quicker.

What if my horse starts to crowd me or tries to run over me?
The goal of this exercise is to make sure the horse is not afraid of the flag, yet it ought to respect it. So, if your horse starts to run over you, bump it firmly _ do not hurt it though _ in the belly with the flag, your security should come first all the time.

What if my horse starts to back up?
Walk to the horse, waving the flag all the time. You should chase your horse _ gently though _ all the way around until it stops and shows a sign of relaxation.

What if my horse starts to bend its head toward the flag?
That is a good sign, as if it dares bend the head to smell and recognize the flag, that means it feels a little more comfortable. So, let your horse a few seconds to smell and check the flag, then bring its head back in place and rub it.
 

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